Financial planning can make all of the difference
(Originally posted in 2020)
There has been an interesting trend in personal finance over the past decade as investors have shifted their focus from actively managed funds to a passive approach. Historically, investors have associated the value that a Financial Advisor provides with the advisor’s ability to deliver above-market returns. But, what happens when the research uncovers that advisors are unable to add value here? What value do they bring? Why should you still pay for an advisor? These are all excellent questions! Join us as we walk you through the major problems facing investors when it comes to personal finance and how Camber has entered the market with the sole purpose of being the change the industry is calling for.
What is Happening in the Investment Industry?
When investors are choosing where to allocate their investment dollars, they have two distinctly different paths that they can walk down. On the one side, investors can choose to take an active approach, which attempts to beat the market; and on the other, they can choose to capture what the market has to offer in a strategy known as passive investing.
Historically, investors have chosen to walk down the active management path. They have deemed that the promise of higher returns is worth the increased cost and risk associated with chasing those returns. However, this trend is reversing, and today the financial industry is experiencing one of the most telling shifts ever witnessed in personal finance. Over the past decade, there has been a dramatic flow of funds that have moved away from high-fee actively managed investments towards low-fee passively managed solutions.
Since 2010, the US market share of active funds has fallen from 80% to 61%. This drop has been entirely absorbed by passive funds, which rose from having a 20% market share in 2010 to a 39% market share in 2020.[i] Passive funds have also outpaced their active counterparts by a ratio of 4:1. In Canada, this trend is also occurring but at a slower pace. Over the same ten-year period, passive funds experienced a 280% growth rate, compared to a 143% rate for active funds.[ii]
Why is this Flow of Funds Happening?
As funds continue to flow from active investments to passive investments, the questions we need to ask is, why is this flow occurring? The answer to this question is simple; active fund managers have a terrible track record when it comes to being able to do their job -beat the market consistently. Take a look at the 2019 SPIVA Report where Canadian Equity Fund Managers prove that only 12% of them were able to beat the market. Instead, according to a report issued by Morningstar, the majority of active managers destroyed wealth, as shown by the yellow highlight in the chart below. The more concerning thought is that these results were generated by the largest investment houses around, with all of their resources and dedicated teams. If these negative results are the best that they can do, you can only imagine what a local stockbroker or your brother-in-law’s stock advice will yield.
There exists a counterbalance within markets that make them work. This same force makes them illogical and complex, which causes your intuition and natural response to fail. The easiest way to think about it is to envision backing up a trailer for the first time. When you want to go left it goes right and vice versa.
But, what does this mean for your portfolio? Ultimately it means that you are in fact off the hook and that a simple solution has the highest odds of producing the best results. The less you or anyone else does to your portfolio, the better it will perform. Yes, we are aware that this is counterintuitive to normal human behaviour. Normally, if you want to get better at something in life the answer is to work hard.
Yes, that means that investors will not increase their results by watching BNN or CNBC, following Jim Crammer's recommendations, reading research reports, investing with expert hedge fund managers, getting in and out of the market based on world events, saying the words “this time is different”, or listening to advise from their rich uncle. Again, the less you or anyone else does to your portfolio, the better the results will be. This should come as welcome news, as it means that you can focus on what is important to you like spending time with your family, building a business, or chasing your dream.
Why Should I Still Pay an Advisor?
Ultimately, the “money management” aspect of wealth management also known as the “finance” part of personal finance has been commoditized. So, this leads us back to the million-dollar question: why should I still pay an advisor?
For a financial advisor to remain relevant and be able to justify the fees they charge you, they need to create value by managing the things that they can control. This means that a great advisor can create value for you outside of trying to beat the market. Even Vanguard, the world leader behind the do-it-yourself investment movement has confessed that advisors can add tremendous value. This value is created by focusing on the personal side of personal finance. An advisor can help redirect your focus on areas of your financial life that are in your control and where you can impact positive change. For example, monitoring: spending, savings, tax efficiency, and investment fees. A financial advisor will building you a custom financial plan that helps prepare you for a range of possible outcomes and helps to align your wallet with your goals and objectives.
The godfather of financial planning Michael Kitces outlines his estimation of value add in the table below.
What are the Challenges?
Providing a strong financial plan based on your needs is not always as easy as it sounds. There are a number of challenges that advisors face when constructing these strategies. We have outlined the biggest three below:
This is Where Camber Steps In!
Our mission is to capture market returns efficiently according to the significant amounts of academic evidence available while protecting our clients from all of the short cuts, anecdotal stories, and Fear of Missing Out (FOMO) floating around. Simply put, our role is to help our clients understand that all the things they have been told by the media and old school stockbrokers do not work and instead educate them on how managing the things that they can control and adding value through a modern approach to financial planning can make all of the difference.
Our solutions include:
[i] Kerzérho, Raymond. “The Passive vs. Active Fund Monitor.” (2020) PWL Capital Inc.
[ii] Kerzérho, Raymond. “The Passive vs. Active Fund Monitor.” (2020) PWL Capital Inc.